Glossary

Affordable Learning  Primary and secondary education provided to the lowest income earners in the developing world  
ARK Absolute Return for Kids
ASER Annual Status of Education Report
Bottom of the pyramid Refers to the lowest income earner in the developing world  
BIA Bridge International Academies
BMGF The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
BRAC Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee
CfBT Education Trust Centre for British Teachers
Compulsory education A period of education that is required of every person  
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
DFI Development Finance Institutions
DFID UK Department for International Development
EFA Education for All
Equity Making sure that personal and social circumstances are not an obstacle to achieving educational potential, as well as ensuring a basic minimum standard of education for all - for example that everyone should be able to read, write and do simple arithmetic  
Free education Education funded through taxation, or charitable organisations rather than tuition fees. In some countries, free education involves hidden fees such as uniforms
GDP Gross Domestic Product
Gross enrolment Presents the total enrolment in a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education in a given school year
IM-F International Monetary Fund
Impact fund Provides investment strategic leadership and support to achieve economic and social justice  
INR Indian Rupee
In-service training Training offered to teachers after they are officially employed as teachers  
Knowledge Framework Pearson's knowledge capture framework to provide insight on how different school chains and education service providers function  
LCPS A private school that provides education at fees accessible to the lowest income earners in the developing world
Learner outcomes A snapshot of achievement, usually a summative result at the end of a school year or at the end of schooling  
Literacy levels The ability to read and write
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
Micro-finance The provision of financial services to micro-entrepreneurs and small businesses  
MOE Ministry of Education
Net enrolment Presents enrolment of the official age group for a given level of education expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population  
Numeracy levels The ability to reason and apply numerical concepts
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development  
Parental choice Giving parents the right to choose the school(s) their child(ren) will attend  
Pearson Affordable Learning Fund (PALF) Pearson PLC’s venture capital fund that supports schools and service providers to bring high quality primary and secondary education to the lowest income earners in the developing world
PERI The Privatisation in Education Research Initiative
PISA Programme for International Student Assessment
PPP Public-private partnerships
PEAS Promoting Equality in African Schools
Poverty indicator Proportion of people living on less than $2 a day, as measured by the World Bank  
Pre-service training Training offered to student teachers before they are employed as teachers  
Quality Refers to teaching and learning, the physical and human resources, school governance and learner's learning outcomes in relation to learner and a country's contextual characteristics  
Recognised low-cost private schools A private school that has gained recognition from the government, i.e., they abide by regulations
Registered low-cost private schools A private school that has gained recognition from the government, i.e., they abide by regulations
RFID Radio frequency identification
RTE Right to Education
School chain A group of schools that use the same school model and are owned or run by a company or individual  
Service provider An organisation that provides educational services to schools, such as textbooks or consultancy
SME Small Medium Enterprise
Status of education Provides an overview of the quality of education at a particular moment in time  
Structure of education system The approach to structuring primary, secondary and tertiary education  
Trained teachers Teachers who have received the minimum organised teacher training (pre-service or inservice) required for teaching at the specified level of education in the given country
UN United Nations
Universal access The ability of all people to have equal opportunity in education, regardless of their social class, ethnicity, background or physical disabilities  
Unrecognised low-cost private school A private school functioning below the radar, operating within the extralegal sector
Unregistered low-cost private school A private school functioning below the radar, operating within the extralegal sector  
UNESCO The United Nationals Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Uwezo A four year initiative assessing  6-16 years olds literacy and numeracy levels in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda  
WISE World Innovation Summit for Education